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Types of Products and Services Purchased

The U.S. Department of Agriculture procures the products and services it needs on a highly decentralized basis.

The charts and lists on this site show in broad categories the types of goods and services that USDA agencies procure in support of their programs, the percentage of procurement dollars obligated by the various agency contracting activities and the major groups of products and services procured by the various USDA agencies.

Procurement of subsistence/agricultural (food) commodities by the Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) and the Kansas City Commodity Office of the Farm Service Agency (KCCO/FSA) accounts for over 55 percent of what USDA buys. This is reflected in the chart titled "What USDA Buys."

On an annual basis, USDA obligates approximately $4.6 billion for products and services (including subsistence/agricultural (food) commodities). Government commercial purchase card transactions account for about $519 million of this amount.

Major Categories of Products and Services Produced by USDA Agencies by Contracting Organization

(Based on Dollars Obligated FY 2001-2003 as reported in the USDA Procurement Reporting System*)

Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS)

Subsistence/Agricultural Commodities:

  • Meat, Poultry and Fish
  • Fruits and Vegetables
  • Eggs

Agricultural Research Service (ARS)

  • Maintenance, Repair or Alteration of Real Property (including administrative, industrial and research and development (R&D) facilities and buildings, sewage and waste facilities, laboratories, water supply facilities)
  • Construction of Structures and Facilities (including administrative, industrial and R&D facilities)
  • Housekeeping Services (including facilities operations support, janitorial and guard services)
  • Instruments and Laboratory Equipment and Supplies
  • Architect and Engineering Services - Construction (buildings and facilities structures)
  • Architect and Engineering Services - General (including landscaping, interior layout and designing)
  • Information Technology (including telecommunications) Hardware, Software, Supplies and Support Equipment
  • Information Technology (including telecommunications) Services
  • Special Studies and Analyses (including environmental studies and assessments)
  • Professional, Administrative and Management Support Services
  • Operation of Government-Owned Facilities
  • Agricultural Machinery and Equipment (e.g., soil preparation and harvesting equipment)

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS)

  • Information Technology (including telecommunications) Hardware, Software, Supplies and Support Equipment
  • Natural Resources and Conservation Services (including aerial fertilization/spraying services)
  • Chemicals and Chemical Products
  • Instruments and Laboratory Equipment
  • Information Technology (including telecommunications) Services
  • Construction of Structures and Facilities
  • Environmental Services, Studies and Analytical Support
  • Medical, Dental or Veterinary Equipment and Supplies
  • Housekeeping Services (including fueling, trash collection, portable sanitation, facilities operations support, waste treatment)
  • Architect and Engineering Services - General (including landscaping, interior layout and designing)
  • Architect and Engineering Services - Construction of Buildings, Professional Services, Furniture, Agricultural Machinery and Equipment, Alarm and Security Detection Equipment

Farm Service Agency (FSA)

  • Subsistence (Food) Commodities - (Kansas City Commodity Office) Bakery and Cereal Products, Dairy Products, Sugar and Nuts
  • Agricultural Commodities (e.g., grain)
  • Information Technology (including telecommunications) Services
  • Modification of Equipment (containers, packaging and packing supplies)
  • Clothing (outerwear)
  • Professional, Administrative and Management Support Services
  • Information Technology (including telecommunications) Hardware, Software, Supplies and Support Equipment
  • Aerial Photographic Services
  • Night Vision and Other Communication and Detection Equipment
  • Special Studies and Analyses (including feasibility studies — non-construction)
  • Printing, Duplicating and Bookbinding Equipment

Food and Nutrition Service (FNS)

  • Information Technology (including telecommunications) Services
  • Professional, Administrative and Management Support Services
  • Books, Maps and Other Printed Matter
  • Information Technology (including telecommunications) Hardware, Software, Supplies and Support Equipment
  • Warehousing and Storage Services
  • Special Studies and Analyses (including market research and public opinion services, program support, technical assistance services)
  • Maintenance, Repair and Alteration of Real Property

Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS)

  • Information Technology (including telecommunications) Services (including systems design and integration services)
  • Special Studies and Analyses (e.g., regulatory studies)
  • Education and Training (Information Technology Software, Equipment and Telecommunications)
  • Information Technology (including telecommunications) Hardware, Software, Supplies and Support Equipment
  • Professional, Administrative and Management Support Services
  • Instruments and Laboratory Equipment

Forest Service (FS)

  • Natural Resources and Conservation Services (including forest/range fire suppression and pre-suppression, tree thinning, range/forest improvement services, tree planting, land treatment, forest/range fire rehabilitation services, aerial spraying, aerial seeding, wildlife and fisheries management services, seedling production and transplanting services)
  • Construction of Structures and Facilities (including office buildings, airfield structures, residential buildings, highways, roads, streets, bridges, sewage and waste facilities, water supply facilities)
  • Maintenance, Repair or Alteration of Real Property (including restoration - highways, roads, streets, bridges)
  • Maintenance, Repair and Rebuilding of Equipment (including information technology)
  • Lease or Rental of Facilities (including office, warehouse and residential buildings)
  • Housekeeping Services (including food services, trash collection, portable sanitation and Facilities operations support services)
  • Information Technology (including telecommunications) Hardware, Software, Supplies and Support Equipment
  • Transportation and Charter Services
  • Professional, Management and Administrative Support Services
  • Lease or Rental of Equipment (including various types of ground and motor vehicles, trailers, information technology, prefabricated structures and scaffolding)
  • Information Technology (including telecommunications) Services
  • Special Studies and Analyses - archaeological/paleontological, wildlife, natural resources, environmental studies and assessment
  • Architect and Engineering Services - General (including landscaping interior layout and designing, drafting and production engineering service Architect and Engineering Services -Construction

Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)

  • Information Technology (including telecommunications) Hardware, Software, Supplies and Support Equipment
  • Information Technology (including telecommunications) Services
  • Construction of Dams and Other Conservation and Development Facilities
  • Maintenance, Repair and Alteration of Real Property
  • Lease or Rental - Office Buildings
  • Communications Equipment
  • Professional, Administrative and Management Support Services
  • Architect and Engineering Services
  • Natural Resources and Conservation Services
  • Special studies and analyses, e.g., soil studies

Office of the Chief Financial Officer (OCFO)

  • Information Technology (including telecommunications) Hardware, Software, Supplies and Support Equipment
  • Professional, Administrative and Management Support Services
  • Information Technology (including telecommunications) Services
  • Maintenance and Repair of Office Machines
  • Repair and Maintenance of Equipment
  • Administrative and Management Support Services
  • Special Studies and Analyses
  • Printing, duplicating and bookbinding Equipment

Office of Inspector General (OIG)

  • Information Technology (including telecommunications) Hardware, Software, Supplies and Support Equipment
  • Information Technology (including telecommunications) Services
  • Professional Services
  • Management Support (Auditing) Services
  • Administrative Support Services
  • Power Transmission Equipment
  • Medical, Dental and Veterinary Supplies (drugs and biologicals)

Office of Procurement and Property Management (OPPM)

  • Information Technology (including telecommunications) Hardware, Software, Supplies and Support Equipment
  • Information Technology (including telecommunications) Services
  • Housekeeping Services (e.g., janitorial, trash collection, portable sanitation, guard, warehousing and storage services)
  • Professional, Administrative and Management Support Services
  • Maintenance, Repair and Alteration of Real Property - Office Buildings
  • Maintenance and Repair of Various Equipment (electrical, material handling, etc.)
  • Operation of Government-Owned Facilities - Office Buildings
  • Office machines, text processing systems and visible record equipment
  • Architect and Engineering Services - restoration of structures
  • Arts, Graphics and Reproduction Services
  • Printing, Duplicating and Bookbinding Equipment

Rural Development (RD)

  • Information Technology (including telecommunications) Services
  • Professional, Administrative and Management Support Services
  • Technical Representative Services (Water Purification and Sewage Treatment Equipment)
  • Information Technology (including telecommunications) Hardware, Software, Supplies and Support Equipment
  • Special Studies and Analyses - environmental and water quality
  • Communication Equipment
  • Lease or Rental - Office and Administrative Buildings and Facilities
  • Information Technology Repair
  • Restoration of Family Housing
  • Operation of a Government Facility
  • Medical/Psychiatric Consultation Services

*The USDA Procurement Reporting System is the USDA system previously used to collect the data required by and now collected in the Federal Procurement Data System (FPDS).