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Office of Homeland Security & Emergency Coordination
Radiation Safety Division (RSD)
United States Department of Agriculture

Food and Drug Administration

“Radiation Control for Health and Safety” Act of 1968

Prior to 1968, control of radiation-emitting electronic devices was left to state and local governments, whose regulations proved both inconsistent and ineffective. This was highlighted by the introduction of color television sets onto a mass market, which were believed my many, to emit dangerous levels of radiation in the form of x-rays. Congress soon proposed a federal radiation control bill. As enacted on October 18, 1968, the “Radiation Control for Health and Safety” Act authorizes the Food and Drug Administration to set federal radiation standards, to monitor compliance, and to conduct research.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is an agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services, one of the federal executive departments. The FDA is responsible for protecting and promoting public health through the regulation and supervision of food safety, tobacco products, dietary supplements, prescription and over-the-counter drugs, vaccines, biopharmaceuticals blood transfusions, medical devices, electromagnetic radiation emitting devices, veterinary products, and cosmetics.

The FDA’s Center for Devices and Radiological Health is responsible for the pre-market approval of all medical devices, as well as overseeing the manufacturing, performance and safety of these devices. The Center for Devices and Radiological Health also oversees the safety performance of non-medical devices, which emit certain types of electromagnetic radiation. Examples of such regulated devices include cellular phones, airport baggage screening equipment, television receivers, microwave ovens, tanning booths, and laser products. The Center for Devices and Radiological Health regulatory powers include the authority to require technical reports from the manufacturers of regulated products, to require that radiation-emitting products meet mandatory safety performance standards, to declare regulated products defective, and to order the recall of defective or noncompliant products.

 

Electronic Product Radiation Safety Control Program

 

Title 21 Food and Drugs

Part 1020 Performance Standards for Ionizing Radiation Emitting Products